In yoga the subtle body comprises of thousands of energy pathways which run across all over the body, these pathways are called Nadis. The vital energy force that Nadis channelise is Called Prana. There are about 70,000 Nadis in our body, majorly meeting at 7 different junctions called Chakras. Chakra literally translates to a wheel, symbolising the hub of a wheel where all the spokes, the Nadis meet. There are seven Chakras in our body located along the spine starting form the bottom of the spine to the top of the head. These Chakras signify different planes of energy and different stages of evolution of human’s mind and conscience (Manan and Chitta).
Mūlādhāra is the first Chakra and translates to Mula-base & Adhara-support. It forms the foundation for our spiritual development. Mūlādhāra Chakra governs the principles of safety and survival and hence relates to basic physiological human needs like food, shelter and safety.
Sense of Survival and Safety for us comes in the form of food, house and money. Once these primary needs are met we find our strong hold in society and we can move on to full fill other higher aspirations.
People with their Root Chakra blocked feel insecure, threatened or anxious. They feel uncertain about their future and are generally preoccupied with such worries. In some people this can manifest as general paranoia or hypochondria. Physical issues include a sore lower back, low energy levels, and restlessness.
Muladhara is symbolised by Lotus with 4 Petals.
- LOCATION – BETWEEN PERINEUM AND COCCYX
- ELEMENT – EARTH
- COLOUR- RED
- MANTRA – LAM
- AFFIRMATION – I AM GROUNDED AND CONNECTED TO MOTHER EARTH
- ASPECTS – SAFETY , SECURITY , WELL BEING
Svādhiṣṭhāna Chakra/Sacral Chakra
Svādhiṣṭhāna is the second Chakra and translates to “Swa” -self and “adhishthana”- established. Once we move from Muladhara to Svadishthana Chakra a sense of self is established in the subconscious.
This Chakra is centre of many qualities of the self like kama (lust), krodha (anger), lobha(greed), Mada (pride), moha (attachment), and matsarya (jealousy). Physically its where our reproductive organs are place which also explains why it is also called the pleasure centre of our body. All pleasure seeking activities that humans engage in find their roots in the Svadhishthana Chakra. These activities include sexual intercourse, eating, sleeping, accumulation of wealth and possessions.
The Sacral Chakra if not balanced might lead to unhealthy over indulgence or addictions to sex, alcohol, over eating, consumerism etc. It causes a disturbed mind always in pursuit of pleasure often suffering from it’s surrounding conditions.
Svādhiṣṭhāna is symbolised by Lotus with 6 Petals.
- LOCATION – 3-4 cms ABOVE MULADHARA
- ELEMENT – Water
- COLOR- ORANGE
- MANTRA – VAM
- AFFIRMATION – I AM GROUNDE AND CONNECTED TO MOTHER EARTH
- ASPECTS – SAFETY , SECURITY , WELL BEING
Maṇipūra/Solar Plexus Chakra
Mani = pearl, jewel Pūra = place, city. The Manipūra Chakra is the ‘Place of Jewels’ in which we find the pearls of clarity, wisdom, self-confidence and wellbeing. Manipura is the energy provider of the physical and subtle body. When energies evolve to this level one becomes a person of action, you feel alive and have the self-esteem and confidence to be productive and achieve anything in this world.
Physically, solar plexus chakra being unbalanced leads to digestive problems and gastric issues. On the subtle level, it causes lack of courage and low self-esteem. If you feel stagnant or stuck in your love, life or career its most probably because of lack of confidence or fear of failure originating from a blocked Manipura Chakra. By working on this chakra, you can awaken your true inner power and work through your fears.
Maṇipūra is symbolised by a Lotus with 10 Petals.
- LOCATION – 2 inches above the belly
- ELEMENT – FIRE
- COLOR- YELLOW
- MANTRA – RAM
- AFFIRMATION – I AM CONFIDENT , I AM FEARLESS
- ASPECTS – CONFIDENCE , SELF ESTEEM
Anāhata, literally translates to unstruck sound or sound without a source.
In many cultures it has been associated to celestial sounds manifested by the divine. As we evolve consciously and uplift ourselves from the basic human needs of food, money, possessions and power, we realise the possibilities of love, compassion and beauty. This chakra is located where the heart is and is symbolised by two triangles meeting upside down which reflects it as the bridge between the lower three chakras and upper the three chakras. Anahata being the love centre governs qualities of compassion, empathy, unversal harmony and peace.
Physically an unbalanced Anahata leads to Cardio-Pulmonary diseases. Spiritually a person with a blocked Anahata might have difficulties building trust and finding love in life. If you find it hard to connect with people and like to remain aloof most probably your heart chakra is blocked. People with Anahata chakra active are the creative geniuses – singers, painters, dancers, entrepreneurs of the world. Activation of Anahata chakra also lends you healing abilities.
Anahata is symbolised by a Lotus with 12 Petals.
- LOCATION – CENTRE OF THE CHEST
- ELEMENT – AIR
- COLOR- GREEN
- MANTRA – YAM
- AFFIRMATION – I AM LOVE, I AM COMPASSION
- ASPECTS – LOVE, COMPASSION, ACCEPTANCE, FORGIVENESS
Vishhuddhi translates to Visha = impurity, poison and Shuddhi = purification. It is a centre of physical and spiritual purification. In the physical body this chakra plays an important and life-supporting role in the purification and detoxification of harmful substances that we accumulate in the body which primarily come from the water we drink, food we eat and the air we breathe. In the subtle body our impurities are reflected as we spit out hurtful words, mean thoughts and bad behaviour, and as we swallow bad treatment, insults, doubts and complexes they get gathered in our conscious and subconscious.
A person with an activated vishhuddhi chakra knows how to filter out impurities from within and outside to keep his chitta (conscience) pure.People whose Vishuddhi Chakra is blocked are often condescending, demeaning, they project their own insecurities on others. They blame others for their misfortune and ignore taking responsibility of their happiness.
Anahata is symbolised by a Lotus with 16 Petals.
- LOCATION – PIT OF THE THROAT
- ELEMENT – ETHER
- COLOR- BLUE
- MANTRA – HAM
- AFFIRMATION – I AM PURE
- ASPECTS – PURITY, UNDERSTANDING, MORALITY
Ajña/Third Eye Chakra
Ajna Chakra means the command centre. Once we have removed all impurities from our conscious and subconscious mind, the development of our wisdom and humanity is completed. It is now easy to differentiate between reality and illusion. In essence when the reality of our existence is revealed to us, this knowledge guides/commands us in making various decisions and judgements throughout life, this is why it is called the command centre. It also represents the third eye of Shiva which is the destroyer of all things evil. Evil can be interpreted as illusion created in the human mind by the development of ego. Ego causes us to attach ourselves to the worldly accumulations of the body and the mind. Once a yogi has managed to activate this chakra he/she can attain states of complete ego death, where he/she attains complete knowledge of life and its innumerable mysteries.
Ajna is symbolised by a Lotus with 2 Petals.
- LOCATION – BETWEEN THE EYEBROWS
- COLOR- INDIGO
- MANTRA – OM
- AFFIRMATION – I AM TRUTH
Sahasrara Chakra is the abode of Lord Shiva. It is situated at the crown of the head. Though it has no colour or vibration of its own, it is ‘Nirgunn’ Quality-less, it interacts and acquires the colour and vibration of the elements of different chakras. Sahasra Chakra has an intimate connection with all the chakras – Muladhara, Svadhishthana, Manipura, Anahata, Vishuddha and Ajna and helps each in their individual development. Hence it is also considered chief of all six chakras ‘Shat-Chakra’.
Sahasrar is symbolised by a Lotus with 1000 Petals.
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